In Drupal 8, you can look at a block plugin and know that all of the logic in it concerns how that specific block plugin interacts with the system. This also means that Drupal 8 is more verbose since modules are more fragmented across many files. Developers will need to get used to having more files open.
- Enable Drupal 8 Error Reporting. To Enable Drupal 8 Error Reporting, Put This code at top of sites/default/settings.php. Errorreporting (EALL); iniset ('displayerrors', TRUE); iniset ('displaystartuperrors', TRUE); $config 'system.logging' 'errorlevel' = 'verbose'.
- In the last part, we wrote a unit test.Unit tests are really, really fast, but they achieve that speed by not supporting any Drupal functionality at all. Unit tests are great for testing things like individual functions, class methods, or even whole classes such as one that provides static constants and related utility functions.
Besides all standard system requirements like PHP (>=7.3), a web server like Apache or Ngnix, and a database (e.g., MySQL), you need to have composer installed on your local machine. If you haven't, take a look at the installation instructions on the official site.
Download Drupal 9 via composer
Since Drupal 8.8.0, there is an official composer template to download the Drupal core and all its dependencies. So, it's not recommended to use the inofficial composer drupal-project anymore. There are a few differences between them both, but in the end, it's just about the (not) installed vendor packages. Open your terminal and let composer do the work.
This composer command will download the core and all dependencies into
YOUR_DIR. It'll also configure some stuff you'll need in your composer.json.
Use Drush to install Drupal
Now that is everything in place you have to install Drupal. One way is the install script, which will start if you visit your site URL like
myproject.local. I prefer to use Drush – the Drupal shell. The new
recommended-projectdoesn't include drush by default, so we have to require it.
We will use the standard installation profile, feel free to choose whatever fits your needs. You also need to have your database and related credentials ready.
Adjust (development) settings
I assume we're setting up Drupal for local development stuff here, but of course, you can adjust these settings for production or staging environments.
First, we make the
sites/default directory writeable and create a new subfolder
sites/default/settings. After that, we copy the
settings.php generated while the installation process to this new folder and call it
settings.shared.php. Why? Because we want to split our settings into two separate files so that we can easily change environment settings. Another way of doing this would be to use an
.env file. Feel free to choose any method.
Next, we're going to replace all content within the standard
settings.php and include our newly generated
In our shared settings file, add the settings for
trusted_host_patterns (for security reasons).
Next, we need to include the local settings file, which we will create after that.
Now, move your local database settings array from
/web/sites/default/settings/settings.shared.php to our new
For local development, you need to include your
Now we need to disable the Twig caching via the included
/web/sites/default/development.services.yml.Your file should look like this:
Verbose Drupal 8 Form
It's time to clear the Drupal cache to be sure our new settings will be applied!
Now your Drupal 9 installation should be ready, and all settings should be suitableto start local development. But caution! You need to do two more things to secureyour installation!
First, give your
files directory and your
settings.php the right permissions:
Verbose Drupal 8 Pdf
And as always, never commit a settings file to your git repository! So add our newlocal settings file to the .gitignore in the root directory.