1. Opera Disable Auto Update
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The four operas of Richard Wagner's cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen together take about 15 hours, which makes for several records, tapes, or CDs, and much studio time. For this reason, many full Ring recordings are the result of 'unofficial' recording of live performances, particularly from the Bayreuth Festival where new productions are often broadcast by German radio. Live recordings, especially those in monaural, may have very variable sound but often preserve the excitement of a performance better than a studio recording.


Modus operandi, signatures, and staging have been used by serial killers since the beginning. Crime profilers will use these to help determine who the unsub of the crime is and to get to know their style of killings. These also play a part in figuring out if the unsub is an organized or disorganized killer. Orchestra: Bavarian State Orchestra Composer: R. Wagner Audio CD (December 13, 2006); SPARS Code: DDD Number of Discs: 43 Format: Box set, Import Note on Boxed Sets: During shipping, discs in boxed sets occasionally become dislodged without damage. Please examine and play these discs. If you are not completely satisfied, we'll refund or replace your purchase.

The following lists some well-known recordings of the complete Ring Cycle:

1949Rudolf MoraltVienna Symphony OrchestraMytoMonoStudio
(radio broadcast)
1950Wilhelm FurtwänglerTeatro alla Scala OrchestraMusic & Arts, Opera D'Oro,
Gebhardt, Archipel
1953Wilhelm FurtwänglerOrchestra Sinfonica e Coro della RAIEMI Classics, GebhardtMonoStudio
(radio broadcast)
Clemens KraussBayreuth Festival OrchestraGala, Archipel,
Opera D'Oro, Orfeo
Joseph KeilberthBayreuth Festival OrchestraTestamentStereo
(1955 only)
1956–1958Hans KnappertsbuschBayreuth Festival OrchestraMusic & Arts,
Melodram, Orfeo
1957Rudolf KempeRoyal Opera House OrchestraTestamentMonoLive
1958–1965Georg SoltiVienna Philharmonic OrchestraDecca Records,
1961Rudolf KempeBayreuth Festival OrchestraOrfeoMonoLive
1966–1970Herbert von KarajanBerlin Philharmonic OrchestraDeutsche Grammophon,
1966–1967Karl BöhmBayreuth Festival OrchestraPhilipsStereoLive
1968Hans SwarowskyGroßes SymphonieorchesterDenon EssentialsStereoStudio
Wolfgang SawallischOrchestra Sinfonica e Coro della RAIMytoStereoStudio
(radio broadcast)
1974–1978Reginald GoodallEnglish National Opera OrchestraEMI Classics,
(sung in English)
1979–1980Pierre BoulezBayreuth Festival OrchestraPhilips,
Deutsche Grammophon,
1980–1983Marek JanowskiStaatskapelle Dresden OrchestraEurodisc, BMGStereoStudio
1987–1989James LevineMetropolitan Opera OrchestraDeutsche GrammophonStereoStudio
1988–1991Bernard HaitinkBavarian Radio Symphony OrchestraEMI ClassicsStereoStudio
1989Wolfgang SawallischBavarian State Opera OrchestraEMI ClassicsStereoLive
1991–1992Daniel BarenboimBayreuth Festival OrchestraWarner ClassicsStereoLive
1993–1995Günter NeuholdBadische Staatskapelle OrchestraBrilliant Classics,
Bella Musica, Documents
1998–2001Gustav KuhnTyrol Festival OrchestraArte NovaStereoLive
2006–2007Asher FischAdelaide Symphony OrchestraMelba RecordingsMultichannel StereoLive
2005Hartmut HaenchenNetherlands Philharmonic OrchestraEtceteraMultichannel StereoLive
2008Christian ThielemannBayreuth Festival OrchestraBBC Opus ArteStereoLive
2008–2010Simone YoungPhilharmoniker HamburgOehms ClassicsStereoLive
2010–2012Sebastian WeigleFrankfurt Opera OrchestraOehms ClassicsStereoLive
2012–2013Marek JanowskiBerlin Radio Symphony OrchestraPENTATONE
(PTC 5186581)
Multichannel StereoLive concert
2015-2018Jaap van ZwedenHong Kong Philharmonic OrchestraNaxosStereoLive concert

The recording conducted by Georg Solti was the first stereo studio recording of the complete cycle. In a poll on the BBC Radio 3's long-running radio programme CD Review, this set was voted as the greatest recording of the 20th century.[1] Although Solti's was the first studio stereo recording, the cycle had previously been recorded live in stereo by Decca engineers at the Bayreuth Festival in 1955 under the baton of Joseph Keilberth. Although unavailable for over 50 years, this cycle was finally released in 2006 on CD and vinyl by Testament.

Gramophone, for example, lists the Solti recording as its recommendation on its website.[2] However, when their long-time Wagner critic Alan Blyth reviewed recordings of the Ring for the feature 'Building a Library' on the BBC's CD Review (then Stereo Review) in 1986, he favoured the Böhm and Furtwängler/RAI recordings. When John Deathridge carried out a follow-up review for the programme in 1992, he favoured parts of the Goodall, Haitink and Boulez cycles for individual operas and Levine overall.[3]

Herbert von Karajan's recording has been for a long time controversial, because of its peculiar casting and conducting-style, which critics called 'chamber-music conducting' because of its particular attention to musical beauty which allegedly hurts drama (listeners generally say it's just a subtler reading than Solti's, which means there's less epic but more psychological analysis).[citation needed]

The Ring Cycle is also available in a number of video or DVD presentations. These include:

  • Pierre Boulez conducting the Bayreuth Festival Orchestra, stage director: Patrice Chéreau, 1980–1981. [Philips/Deutsche Grammophon]
  • James Levine conducting the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, stage director: Otto Schenk, 1990. [Deutsche Grammophon 073 043-9] (part of PBS' The Metropolitan Opera Presents.
  • Daniel Barenboim conducting the Bayreuth Festival Orchestra, stage director: Harry Kupfer, 1991–1992 [Warner Classics]
  • Bertrand de Billy conducting the Orchestra of the Gran Teatre del Liceu, stage director: Harry Kupfer, 2003–2004 [BBC Opus Arte]
  • Lothar Zagrosek conducting the Staatsoper Stuttgart, stage directors: Joachim Schlömer (Rheingold), Christof Nel (Walküre), Jossi Wieler (Siegfried) and Peter Konwitschny (Götterdämmerung), 2004 [Tdk]
  • Hartmut Haenchen conducting the Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra, stage director: Pierre Audi, 2006 [Opus Arte]
  • Michael Schønwandt conducting the Royal Danish Orchestra, stage director: Kasper Holten, 2006 [Decca 074 3264]
  • Zubin Mehta conducting the Orquestra de la Comunitat Valenciana, stage director: Carlus Padrissa, 2007–2009 [C Major]
  • James Levine and Fabio Luisi conducting the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, 2011, stage director: Robert Lepage [Deutsche Grammophon 0440 073 4770 6]

Opera Disable Auto Update


The Boulez, Barenboim, Zagrosek, and Haenchen performances are also available as audio recordings.

Opera district paris


See also[edit]


  1. ^BBC Radio (2004). 'The Greatest Recordings as Voted by CD Review Listeners'. BBC. Retrieved 28 October 2007.
  2. ^'Recommended Recordings'. Gramophone. 2007. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
  3. ^BBC (2007). 'CD Review's Building a Library'. BBC. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
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