Catalina_base Tomcat 8

  • Set CATALINAHOME=c:tomcat8 set CATALINABASE=c:tomcat8instancesinstance1 service install instance1 To modify the service settings, you can run tomcat8w //ES//instance1. For additional instances, create additional instance folder, update the CATALINABASE environment variable, and run the service install again.
  • Set CATALINAHOME=c: tomcat8 set CATALINABASE=c: tomcat8 instances instance1 service install instance1 To modify the service settings, you can run tomcat8w //ES//instance1. For additional instances, create additional instance folder, update the CATALINABASE environment variable, and run the service install again.
  • The CATALINABASE environment variable specifies the location of the root directory of the 'active configuration' of Tomcat. It defaults to be equal to CATALINAHOME.
  1. Tomcat Catalina Properties
  2. Apache Tomcat Catalina
  3. Catalina_base Tomcat 8 Download

Shut down CA SDM Daemon Service or CA SDM Proctor Service, or both on the relevant CA SDM. It is a top level project of the Apache foundation. Apache Tomcat currently implements Java Servlet, JavaServer Pages, Java Expression Language and Java WebSocket. Apache tomcat 8 has upgraded some features. Some of them are listed below: Tomcat 8 requires JAVA 7 or Higher to work. Tomcat 8 supports Java Servlet 3.1; Tomcat 8 supports.

Windows service HOW-TO

Table of Contents

Tomcat service application

Tomcat8 is a service application for running Tomcat 8 as a Windows service.

Tomcat monitor application

Tomcat8w is a GUI application for monitoring and configuring Tomcat services.

The available command line options are:

Catalina_base
//ES//Edit service configurationThis is the default operation. It is called if the no option is provided but the executable is renamed to servicenameW.exe
//MS//Monitor servicePut the icon in the system tray

Command line arguments

Each command line directive is in the form of //XX//ServiceName

The available command line options are:

//TS//Run the service as console applicationThis is the default operation. It is called if the no option is provided. The ServiceName is the name of the executable without exe suffix, meaning Tomcat8
//RS//Run the serviceCalled only from ServiceManager
//SS//Stop the service
//US//Update service parameters
//IS//Install service
//DS//Delete serviceStops the service if running

Command line parameters

Each command parameter is prefixed with --. If the command line is prefixed with ++ then it's value will be appended to the existing option. If the environment variable with the same name as command line parameter but prefixed with PR_ exists it will take precedence. For example:

is equivalent to providing

as command line parameter.

ParameterNameDefaultDescription
--DescriptionService name description (maximum 1024 characters)
--DisplayNameServiceNameService display name
--Installprocrun.exe //RS//ServiceNameInstall image
--StartupmanualService startup mode can be either auto or manual
++DependsOnList of services that this service depend on. Dependent services are separated using either # or ; characters
++EnvironmentList of environment variables that will be provided to the service in the form key=value. They are separated using either # or ; characters. If you need to use either the # or ; character within a value then the entire value must be enclosed inside single quotes.
--UserUser account used for running executable. It is used only for StartMode java or exe and enables running applications as service under account without LogonAsService privilege.
--PasswordPassword for user account set by --User parameter
--JavaHomeJAVA_HOMESet a different JAVA_HOME than defined by JAVA_HOME environment variable
--JvmautoUse either auto (i.e. find the JVM from the Windows registry) or specify the full path to the jvm.dll. You can use the environment variable expansion here.
++JvmOptions-XrsList of options in the form of -D or -X that will be passed to the JVM. The options are separated using either # or ; characters. (Not used in exe mode.)
--ClasspathSet the Java classpath. (Not used in exe mode.)
--JvmMsInitial memory pool size in MB. (Not used in exe mode.)
--JvmMxMaximum memory pool size in MB. (Not used in exe mode.)
--JvmSsThread stack size in KB. (Not used in exe mode.)
--StartModeOne of jvm, Java or exe. The modes are:
  • jvm - start Java in-process. Depends on jvm.dll, see --Jvm.
  • Java - same as exe, but automatically uses the default Java executable, i.e. %JAVA_HOME%binjava.exe. Make sure JAVA_HOME is set correctly, or use --JavaHome to provide the correct location. If neither is set, procrun will try to find the default JDK (not JRE) from the Windows registry.
  • exe - run the image as a separate process
--StartImageExecutable that will be run. Only applies to exe mode.
--StartPathWorking path for the start image executable.
--StartClassMainClass that contains the startup method. Applies to the jvm and Java modes. (Not used in exe mode.)
--StartMethodmainMethod name if differs then main
++StartParamsList of parameters that will be passed to either StartImage or StartClass. Parameters are separated using either # or ; character.
--StopModeOne of jvm, Java or exe. See --StartMode for further details.
--StopImageExecutable that will be run on Stop service signal. Only applies to exe mode.
--StopPathWorking path for the stop image executable. Does not apply to jvm mode.
--StopClassMainClass that will be used on Stop service signal. Applies to the jvm and Java modes.
--StopMethodmainMethod name if differs then main
++StopParamsList of parameters that will be passed to either StopImage or StopClass. Parameters are separated using either # or ; character.
--StopTimeoutNo TimeoutDefines the timeout in seconds that procrun waits for service to exit gracefully.
--LogPath%SystemRoot%System32LogFilesApacheDefines the path for logging. Creates the directory if necessary.
--LogPrefixcommons-daemonDefines the service log filename prefix. The log file is created in the LogPath directory with .YEAR-MONTH-DAY.log suffix
--LogLevelInfoDefines the logging level and can be either Error, Info, Warn or Debug. (Case insensitive).
--StdOutputRedirected stdout filename. If named auto then file is created inside LogPath with the name service-stdout.YEAR-MONTH-DAY.log.
--StdErrorRedirected stderr filename. If named auto then file is created inside LogPath with the name service-stderr.YEAR-MONTH-DAY.log.
--PidFileDefines the file name for storing the running process id. Actual file is created in the LogPath directory

Installing services

The safest way to manually install the service is to use the provided service.bat script. Administrator privileges are required to run this script. If necessary, you can use the /user switch to specify a user to use for the installation of the service.

NOTE: On Windows Vista or any later operating system with User Account Control (UAC) enabled you will be asked for additional privileges when 'Tomcat8.exe' is launched by the script.
If you want to pass additional options to service installer as PR_* environment variables, you have to either configure them globally in OS, or launch the program that sets them with elevated privileges (e.g. right-click on cmd.exe and select 'Run as administrator'; on Windows 8 (or later) or Windows Server 2012 (or later), you can open an elevated command prompt for the current directory from the Explorer by clicking on the 'File' menu bar). See issue 56143 for details.

There is a 2nd optional parameter that lets you specify the name of the service, as displayed in Windows services.

If using tomcat8.exe, you need to use the //IS// parameter.

Updating services

To update the service parameters, you need to use the //US// parameter.

If you gave the service an optional name, you need to specify it like this:

Removing services

To remove the service, you need to use the //DS// parameter.
If the service is running it will be stopped and then deleted.

If you gave the service an optional name, you need to specify it like this:

Catalina_base Tomcat 8

Debugging services

To run the service in console mode, you need to use the //TS// parameter. The service shutdown can be initiated by pressing CTRL+C or CTRL+BREAK. If you rename the tomcat8.exe to testservice.exe then you can just execute the testservice.exe and this command mode will be executed by default.

Multiple Instances

Tomcat supports installation of multiple instances. You can have a single installation of Tomcat with multiple instances running on different IP/port combinations, or multiple Tomcat versions, each running one or more instances on different IP/ports.

Each instance folder will need the following structure:

  • conf
  • logs
  • temp
  • webapps
  • work
Catalina_base

At a minimum, conf should contain a copy of the following files from CATALINA_HOMEconf. Any files not copied and edited, will be picked up by default from CATALINA_HOMEconf, i.e. CATALINA_BASEconf files override defaults from CATALINA_HOMEconf.

  • server.xml
  • web.xml

You must edit CATALINA_BASEconfserver.xml to specify a unique IP/port for the instance to listen on. Find the line that contains <Connector port='8080' ... and add an address attribute and/or update the port number so as to specify a unique IP/port combination.

To install an instance, first set the CATALINA_HOME environment variable to the name of the Tomcat installation directory. Then create a second environment variable CATALINA_BASE and point this to the instance folder. Then run 'service install' command specifying a service name.

To modify the service settings, you can run tomcat8w //ES//instance1.

For additional instances, create additional instance folder, update the CATALINA_BASE environment variable, and run the service install again.

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Table of Contents

Introduction

Tomcat Catalina Properties

Tomcat is a widely used open source application and web server developed by the Apache Software Foundation. Tomcat is lightweight, agile, simple to use, and has a very large ecosystem of add-ons. Tomcat is used to serve Java applications and provides a Java HTTP web server environment in which Java code can run. The main goal of the Tomcat server is to provide a good web environment to run Java applications in comparison to other web servers.

This article will walk you through the installation and configuration of Tomcat 8 on a server running Ubuntu 16.04.

Requirements

  • A server running Ubuntu 16.04.
  • A non-root user with sudo privileges configured.

Installing Java

Before you begin you will need to update your apt-get package lists. You can update these with the following command:

Java Development Kit (JDK) can be used to run Java web application, you can install Java Development Kit (JDK) package with the following command:

Once Java is installed, you can verify the installed Java version using the following command:

You should see the following output:

Create Tomcat User

It is recommend that Tomcat run as an unprivileged user for security purposes. You will need to create a new user and group that will run the Tomcat service.

To create a tomcat group, run:

Next, create a new tomcat user and make this user member of the tomcat group with home directory /opt/tomcat:

Installing Tomcat

Once everything is up-to-date, download the latest version of Tomcat from the Tomcat 8 Downloads page.

Use the wget command to download the Tomcat source:

Extract the Tomcat source to your home directory:

Move the extracted content, apache-tomcat-8.5.5, to /opt:

Next you will need to give proper permission to the tomcat user to access to the Tomcat installation.

Create a systemd Service File

Now you will need to create a systemd service file to manage the Tomcat process so you can run Tomcat as a service.

Create the systemd service file, tomcat.service, inside the /etc/systemd/system/ directory.

Add the following content:

Save the file and reload the systemd daemon with the following command:

Now start the Tomcat service and check the status:

Output:

Configure the Tomcat service to start during boot:

Allow Tomcat Through the Firewall

By default Tomcat runs on port 8080, so you will need to allow this port through the firewall.

You can do this by running the following command:

Once you are finished, you can proceed to test Tomcat.

Testing Tomcat

It is time to test Tomcat. Open your web browser and type the URL http://your-server-ip:8080 and you should see the Tomcat default splash page:

Configure Tomcat Web Management Console

You will also need to add a set of login credentials to access the Manager App that comes with Tomcat.

You can do this by editing the tomcat-users.xml file:

Add a user who can access the manager-gui and admin-gui. To do this, add the following line above </tomcat-users>:

Save and close the file.

You will also need to edit context.xml file, if you want to access Tomcat from a remote machine:

To allow access to Manager App open the following file:

Add / Edit your remote machine IP address as shown below:

To allow access to Host Manager App open the following file:

Add / Edit your remote machine IP address as shown below:

Now save and close the file and restart the Tomcat service:

Access Tomcat Web Management Console

Once everything is configured, it is time to access the Tomcat web management console.

To access the Tomcat Manager App, open your web browser and type the URL http://your-server-ip/manager/html. There will be an authentication form that pops up. Input your username and the password that you already set up in tomcat-users.xml:

Tomcat Manager Login Page

Tomcat Manager Home Page

To access the Tomcat Host Manager App, open your web browser and type the URL http://your-server-ip/host-manager/html. There will be an authentication form pop up, input your username and password that you already setup in tomcat-users.xml:

Tomcat Host Manager Login Page

Apache Tomcat Catalina

Tomcat Host Manager Home Page

Summary

Catalina_base Tomcat 8 Download

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Apache Tomcat on your server. You can now deploy Java based applications on the server. Please visit the official Apache Tomcat website for additional help and useful information.